Defined by project manager C. Kormanski "Tuckman model" can be applied to management of group dynamics and proper leadership styles. In this model group dynamics can be evaluated in 5 orders. According to maturity of the group group performance is divided into stages according to duties and behavior relationship.
First stage that the group enters. Group members meet each other and learns the general purpose and team structure. At this stage the aim of project manager is the make team members understand project organization, communication structure and fundamental responsibilities.
Project manager can organize simple team building activities.
Team is moved into storming stage where they give emotional answers for basic duties and in group contradictions occur. In storming stage team members are tested if they understand the duties that are given and the project leadership structure is tested. The reasons of commonly observed reactions are the size of duty, the time is limited and planning and monitoring activities until this stage are limited.
The duty of the project management is to help team members and solving the contradictions at acceptable level.
At this stage genuine ideas about the duty is stated, communication is stable and team members are more cooperative and compatible. At this stage team forms expectations from team member performances and real roles are defined within the team.
Project manager encourages effective information flow and tries to increase morale and productivity in the team.
Team works to meet expectations. Problems and contradictions are at normal level. Team tries to solve them using necessary techniques and procedures. Team members become independent and the situation continues in functional relationships. At this stage main role of the project manager is to ease performance and interactions in the team and solve the problems.
This is both the easiest and hardest stage. High performance levels at the end of the project created high personal satisfaction. In this case after hard working tempo and intense participation, there is a breakdown and feeling of gap which may effect the next project.
Project manager should try to keep the positive environment. Performances of team and team members should be celebrated.
In team expansion although five stages show in-line improvement, in real life this is not the case. Two or more stages are quite common. Project manager should understands these stages and organize the team work with necessary applications.